Geologists study the history and physical makeup of the earth. They use their knowledge to locate water, minerals and energy resources. Geologists also use their knowledge to predict future geologic hazards, such as earthquakes and volcanoes. They provide advice on construction and land use projects.

Working Conditions

Geologists work indoors and outdoors. They may work in a lab or in an office writing reports.Many jobs require travel.


Most geologists earn between $40,000 and $80,000 a year.

Helpful Skills and Subjects to Study

Strong oral and written communication skills are important. Classes in mathematics, English, and the sciences are important to help prepare for this career.

Related Jobs

Engineering technicians, petroleum engineers, surveyors, physicists, chemists, mathematicians, computer scientists, soil scientists and cartographers.

Education & Training

A bachelor's degree is acceptable for many entry-level jobs, but a master's degree will provide more job opportunities and better jobs with good advancement potential. A doctorate's degree is required for teaching and working for many government agencies.

Job Outlook

There should be jobs available for qualified candidates. Especially in the environmental field and for engineering geologists.

Sources for Additional Information

Geological Society of America
P.O. Box 9140
Boulder, CO 80301-9140