Judges ensure the rules of a court are followed. The cases that go to court can range from traffic offenses to the rights of consumers. If there is an unusual situation, judges decide how the trial will continue based on their knowledge of the law. Judges make many important decisions which can greatly affect the people involved in a court case.

Working Conditions

Many judges work over forty hours per week. Some judges work part time.



Salaries for judges range from $77,000 to $137,000. The average salary range is between $94,000 and $105,000.


Helpful Skills and Subjects to Study

Excellent writing and speaking skills are important for judges. They must also have skills in reading, researching, analyzing and thinking logically. Courses in English, foreign languages, public speaking, government, philosophy, history, economics, mathematics and computer science are helpful.


Related Jobs

Besides a lawyer, there are many other occupations where legal training is useful. Some of these are arbitrator, mediator, journalist, patent agent, title examiner, legislative assistant, lobbyist, FBI special agent, political office holder and corporate executive.


Education & Training

Most judges are lawyers before they are elected or appointed as judges. It usually takes seven years of full-time study after high school to become a lawyer.


Job Outlook

Judges usually must gain political support in order to be elected or appointed. Competition for judgeships will remain intense. As in the past, most job openings will arise as judges retire.


Sources for Additional Information

American Bar Association
750 North Lake Shore Dr.
Chicago, IL 60611