Meteorologists study the air that covers the earth, known as the atmosphere. Many people know about the meteorologists who study weather patterns in order to forecast the weather. You may see them at work on television. The largest employer for meteorologists, however, is the Federal Government. Meteorologists are also involved in air-pollution control, agriculture, air and sea transportation and defense. They study trends in the earth's climate, such as global warming.

Working Conditions

Meteorologists may work evenings, weekends and during weather emergencies. They may work in aircraft and sometimes alone in weather offices.


The average salary for meteorologists working for the Federal Government is around $63,000. For all employed meteorologists, the annual salary ranges from around $27,000 to $90,000.

Helpful Skills and Subjects to Study

Good communication skills and knowledge of another field of study such as agriculture can be helpful for this job. Classes in chemistry, computer science, geography, physics, earth science, oceanography and English are important.

Related Jobs

Oceanographers, geologists, hydrologists, physicists, mathematicians, and civil, chemical, and environmental engineers.

Education & Training

A bachelor's degree in atmospheric science, meteorology, mathematics, physics or engineering and preferably a master's degree is necessary for this job.

Job Outlook

There should be job opportunities for qualified persons.

Sources for Additional Information

American Meteorological Society
45 Beacon St.
Boston, MA 02108